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Plants with flowers are the most requested on the floriculture market thanks to various colors and shapes that allow you to personalize a garden, enrich flower beds by making them multicolored or as decorations for balconies and terraces. The cultivation of flowering plants has very ancient origins and with the passing of the centuries they have evolved naturally, living in symbiosis with the colors of nature. Today there are so many species thanks to the technique of reproduction and transformation in hybrids of plants of different morphological structure. The fundamental difference between flowering plants and leafy plants consists that the former reproduce by pollination by insects while the latter develop by seed sprouting. Among other features, flowering plants are also called "angiosperms" as they have a predominance over all other cultivated plants. The flowers are available in all shades of color and the now widespread cultivation thanks to the continuous request for cut flowers, has led many producers to create and modify plants, making them suitable for any type of climate and soil. The flowers can be single when they grow singularly on their own stems, or they can be composed grouped in inflorescences of different shapes. The flower petals can therefore be available in different shapes, from the rounded, oval, thread-like, tubular or twisted ones. So as an example we mention two typical particular flower plants for their various colors: veronica and echinacea purpurea.
Flowering plants: veronic cultivation and fertilization
Veronica is a plant of European and Asian origin, of herbaceous type and belongs to the group of perennials. It blooms with blue as its base color and lighter shades ranging from lilac to pink to pure white. The most common veronics have a captivating shape, close-up peaks of tiny flowers and adorn the plant in full summer and are exceptional if cut into a bouquet. In spring it is planted directly at home (so we are talking about young seedlings) with a space one from the other of about one or two meters away, depending on the variety. A good preparation of the soil is important for its cultivation using a rake and a hoe to dig at a depth of fifteen / twenty centimeters. At this point the plastic jars containing the seedlings must obviously be removed and the individual seedlings inserted in the respective holes which must be suitably filled with soil mixed with compost. At the end a good watering and dry soil as a terminal make the compact soil similar to a clay mantle. For fertilizing every spring, a good mixture should be given followed by a layer of about three centimeters of mulch to prevent the formation of weeds and to guarantee a light soil moisture. The water is administered in the summer only twice a week while in the winter with the advent of the rains weekly. Finally, it is advisable to multiply the adult plants every three or four years by breaking them down and dividing them into clusters of two maximum three and proceeding (in spring) to a new plant.
Flowering plants: echinacea purpurea cultivation
Echinacea purpurea is native to North America and is a perennial type with daisy-like flowers and a raised orange flower in the center. The flower, leaves and roots of some types of this plant are used in herbal medicine. Widely known as a medicinal plant, echinacea develops a long flowering time indicated for the decoration of lawns, flower beds and gardens. It is a plant that blooms in mid-summer, does not suffer from drought and is rarely attacked by parasites. Flowers are an attraction for butterflies, seeds and heads of dried flowers attract songbirds. The predominant colors of the flowers are pink, purple and white as well as a new orange variety. The plants reach two / four meters in height depending on the varieties. It is a beautiful plant and is ideal for creating a border at the edge of a meadow, offering an incredible contrast and at the same time a unique elegance. When young seedlings that you can also buy in nurseries and gardening centers (or online) are planted, you need to check the soil well, which must be light but well-drained. However echinacea can also be cultivated starting from sowing. Just plant the seeds when the soil reaches twenty or twenty degrees in the spring. The latter should not be buried but sprinkled on the surface of the soil and shortly before they begin to sprout, the old soil must be covered with a layer of about two centimeters of the fresh fertilizer. Generally, sprouting occurs within fifteen or twenty days of sowing. Newly born plants develop quickly and within twenty days flowering is already satisfactory.
Plants flowers: Flowering plants: echinacea maintenance
A few key things to keep in mind when growing echinacea. First of all it must be considered that this plant like most of its species loves to grow and reproduce comfortably in areas with a mild temperate climate and that it prefers the penumbra. The soil must also be neutral with a PH value between 6 and 8 and well drained; however, these plants usually grow well even in the presence of clayey and substantial soils. Furthermore it is important to control weeds, the fewer there will be near the dwelling and the more echinacea will be productive and free from disease. The latter, although not dangerous and lethal (and quite rare), sometimes when they appear they tend not to get angry with the root system but with the leaves; in fact on them we note yellow spots that seem to be those that normally appear on cucumbers, so scholars have understood that these symptoms are due to the aphids of the leaves and advise nevertheless to prevent their proliferation with specific treatments already in the young phase . The administration of the medicine should be done frequently together with the soil hoeing operations and should be done with pesticides with a low chemical content, therefore, with foliage derivatives to prevent it from weakening it in the long term, limiting its development and causing serious damage to a plant such as echinacea born to produce lots of colorful flowers.