Greek basil

Greek basil


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General characteristics


The Greek basil also known as Minimun basilicum is a plant native to India. It differs from other varieties in that it has an external structure that grows in the shape of a bush, the leaves are very green, small, elongated and very fragrant. In addition to these characteristics, it is able to withstand cold climates. It can be grown in the ground or in pots and is used to flavor foods and dishes prepared in the kitchen. The Greek basil it belongs to the Lamiaceae family, and during the spring and summer season (from June to August) it is possible to observe inflorescences characterized by very small white flowers. Another characteristic that differentiates it from the common basil is the typical less pungent and sweeter fragrance.

Cultivation



Basil, as previously stated, can be grown both in pots and in the garden. It prefers temperatures between 20 and 25 ° C, although it can be planted in an environment with higher temperatures but no lower than 10 ° C. it needs abundant watering remembering to let the soil dry well between one watering and the other avoiding in this way the water stagnations. As for the repotting of the seedlings, it is necessary to practice it during the spring season. It does not need a particular soil structure, what matters is that it is very fertile, with a neutral and well drained pH. In the event that you decide to put the plant in a pot, you should prefer the terracotta one in such a way as to let the soil inside it breathe.

Topping and multiplication



The topping is very important because through it we give a luxuriant growth to the seedling. This practice must be implemented because the growing cycle is interrupted and therefore the growth is increased by cutting off the twigs containing the flowers. The multiplication takes place exclusively by seed, it takes place between March and April and is very simple to put into practice. After filling the earth container, the seeds are planted and kept in the shade at a temperature of about 20 ° C. to maintain this condition it is necessary to cover the container with plastic, while maintaining the right level of humidity. After about 10 days the seeds begin to sprout, then the plastic is removed and the amount of light begins to increase. When the seedlings have developed at least 4 leaves, they can be buried in a new pot in groups of 3/4 seedlings.

Greek basil: Pests and diseases



Basil can be attacked by countless pests or very harmful diseases can occur for this annual plant. Before proceeding with care and prevention, it is convenient to remember not to use chemical based products because the leaves are used in the kitchen. One of the first dangers that this aromatic plant specimen can encounter is root rot. It is manifested by the blackening of the foliage and is cured by reducing the watering and checking that the soil is well drained. As for the parasites, it is necessary to pay close attention to: white fly, aphids, snail and downy mildew. When the basil is subject to a mildew attack, the leaves begin to turn yellow and development slows down; in the upper part of the leaves small specks are noticed that over time become increasingly darker. If the attack is very violent, in a short time the foliage starts to dry up to fall, without giving way to be treated.