Treating orchids

Treating orchids

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Indoor Plants: Orchids

Orchids are not just tropical flowers, even if that is their origin. We find them all over the world, some are born and grow spontaneously, others are reproduced in nurseries. Usually they bloom in the spring months, but nowadays in the greenhouses, we can find them flowering all the time of the year. The orchids, in the most varied colors, look great in the apartment as long as they are not born in the woods and are transplanted. The species suitable for cultivation in the home are those of tropical derivation, which adapt more easily to the warm climate throughout the year. The varieties that we find most commonly on the market are: phalaenopsis, dendrobium and cymbidium. The first two types like to stay warm, while the third one is suitable for the garden, if brought home or in an apartment it will not flower.

Orchid care

First of all we have to use some tricks in curing orchids. We do not damage their parts and we do not leave the air areas wet during the night. Remove the soil with the substrate, if it is damaged and we sterilize with the flame the tools we use to look after them. We do not spray the orchid during the warm hours, we do not spray it for a week if it is damaged. It is very important to choose the right orchid for our apartment, respect their needs and evaluate the environment where we will arrange it. Space, light and temperature must be kept in mind when we buy an orchid. The indoor orchid must not be exposed to light directly, a soil substrate must be placed in the pot and the climatic change between day and night must not be significant.

Treating orchids at home

We put the orchids in the house in a rather warm environment. The sun's rays must not directly hit the plant; if this happens our orchid could dry easily. The place must also be away from heat sources, which damage the roots by drying them. We must not water the plant frequently, the roots could rot, we better feel if the bottom is damp or dry, before adding water. We don't use the watering can, but we spray the water with a diffuser. We use rainwater and not tap water containing chlorine, it can damage the plant. Beware of pests, we provide early and always clean the leaves from the dust. The leaves indicate the well-being of the plant: yellow is too much light, crumpled light is needed, if there are spots the plant is cold.

Treating orchids in pots

Orchids can also be grown in pots, both inside the house and in the garden. In the latter case it is good not to put them where there is a current of air, too much direct sun. It is advisable to choose a place in the garden that is as protected as possible, where the plant does not have too much temperature change. The garden must also have a mild climate and not too cold. The pot should be prepared with a substratum of soil, where the orchid plant is potted and fertilized from March to June to give a boost to the plant that is to bloom. Water should be given only if necessary, when the substrate is dry. Like any plant, it is necessary to proceed with repotting if it has grown a lot and the pot that contains it is not enough anymore. Pruning should be done with sterilized tools so as not to transmit diseases.