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Characteristics of the privet
The ligustrum is a plant of Japanese origin that includes several species including the Ligustrum Vulgare which grows wild in Europe. Generally it is an evergreen shrub, although some species are deciduous, belonging to the Oleacee family and characterized by glossy green lanceolate leaves. During flowering it is studded with small and fragrant white flowers gathered in panicles. Depending on the species, the specimens can reach heights ranging between two and four meters. Precisely for this reason, not all varieties of Ligustrum are suitable for the formation of hedges. Those that are more in keeping with this function and are therefore more commonly used are the Japanese ligustrum, the ligustrum vulgaris and the ligustrum with oval leaves. These species behave like evergreens and therefore not losing their leaves are ideal for forming hedges.
This plant does not need too much soil and for this reason it is possible to decide to have a hedge privet in a pot or in the open field. Obviously, preferring the cultivation in pots, smaller hedges will be obtained than in the land plantation. Not just this. The specimens in full field tend to be more resistant to the weather and the cold, therefore if with the specimens in pot you will have to deal with minor interventions of pruning, it will be necessary to give more attentions in terms of prevention against the frost as to cover the roots with non-woven fabric sheets. Regardless of whether you will choose a crop in a vase or in the open ground, to obtain a covering structure the ideal is to compose two rows of ligustrum, distancing them by about fifty centimeters from each other.
The best time to prepare a privet hedge It is spring, but in order to get a good result more than the season it is essential that you work on a soil that has the right degree of humidity, that is it must not be neither dry nor less muddy. This plant needs light for a correct development, so it is important to choose a sunny location where to plant it. Alternatively you can also opt for the partial shade as long as it can receive at least a few hours of sunshine during the day, preferably in the morning. Once the plant has been installed, it will be necessary to comply with the normal precautions that all plants need, namely irrigation and fertilization. As far as irrigation is concerned, the ligustrum must be watered abundantly and regularly, especially in summer, taking care to verify that the soil is completely dry between one irrigation and another. With the end of summer gradually reduce the waterings and dilate them more and more over time. For fertilizing we recommend a slow release fertilizer to be administered at the vegetative growth.
Pruning of the privet
The hedge privet requires periodic pruning. In fact, if you do not intervene the plant could reach even four meters in height, risking to invade the neighboring areas. To avoid this we proceed to prune the plant at least two or three times a year. A first pruning should be carried out regularly at the end of winter to free the plant from all the dry branches or eventually damaged by the weather. At least one other is practiced in the spring to give a compact shape to the hedge, so that it grows and remains orderly, complying at best with its practical purpose, to create intimacy within domestic boundaries, and aesthetic, remaining harmonious and beautiful to behold. A third intervention can be carried out at the end of the summer, always for aesthetic purposes to eliminate the surpluses and be able to intervene in a less drastic way the following spring.