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The low hedges are made up of shrubs that do not exceed 150-170 cm in height, thus allowing the view from one side to the other, without shielding the two areas. They are usually used to outline the flowerbeds, or to divide the entire garden into several areas, positioning them between the lawn and the vegetable garden, between the vegetable garden and the barbecue area, for example. Since they do not serve to create a screen, they can be prepared using plants of various types, including deciduous, flowery, always green, according to your personal tastes. Although in general it would be possible to regularly prune any shrub to keep it low and compact, the plants with greater development tend to become increasingly messy and ugly if they are not allowed to grow according to their needs. For this reason, to prepare a low hedge shrubs with compact growth, or dwarf varieties are chosen.
Choice of plants
To produce one low hedge typically boxwood is used, in particularly dwarf and compact varieties, so as to produce a very dense barrier, but at most 40-60 cm high. But there are many other plants suitable for the purpose, such as the creeping varieties of cotoneaster or pyracantha, the berberis nani, the compact species ci chamaecyparis; these are evergreen plants, with minute and very decorative foliage, which together form a small compact barrier. If you want you can also use deciduous plants, such as chaenomeles, abelia or the compact varieties of forsythia or lilac, which in addition to rich vegetation, will also give you splendid blooms in spring. Many are the compact species of plants with colored leaves, such as evonyms, holly with foliage from the silver broth or golden yellow, ornamental conifers, with creeping growth. Clearly the species you choose has a low development, and less you will have to engage in pruning, to keep the hedge of the desired height.
Place a low hedge
The shrubs that will make up a low hedge must be carefully planted, so that their engraftment is safe, and that development takes place in a harmonious way. First, place the soil in which the plants will be placed well, removing any turf, pebbles or other impediments, and then sprinkle it with manure; then work it deeply, so as to turn and break the clods. If necessary, add sand to make it softer and more permeable. Then place two pegs at the ends of the plot and pull a wire between them: in this way you will have a perfect straight line, which will act as an indicator for planting the row of shrubs. Prepare small planting holes, at a distance of about 30-50 cm, or less, depending on the lateral development of the plants you have chosen. Shrubs will be buried at the same depth as they are in the pot, compacting the soil well. at the end of the operation watered.
A low hedge generally tends to require less care than a high hedge; this is because the shrubs planted tend to have a more compact development, and therefore it will not be mandatory to regulate their height with great frequency. If you choose low-maintenance plants, such as the abelia or the name, or aromatic plants, you may not even have to prune them almost never, except to remove branches damaged by frost or bad weather at the end of winter, and those that come out conspicuously from the sides and from the top of the shrubs. Many low hedges they are left to grow in a natural way, with a softer and less square shape than the higher hedges, especially if you have planted shrubs of different species, to create a mixed border. If the weather requires it, water the hedge, wetting the soil thoroughly, but avoiding over-soaking it. Avoid watering when the weather is naturally wet. At the end of winter, spread slowly on the fertilizer drums.