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Pea sowing and irrigation
Peas are sown directly in the open field. We will have to ensure the right amount of water for the young plant. Before ticking, he will need a soil that always remains wet, with a high and constant humidity rate, to favor sprouting. The pea seedling will then grow even without additional intervention, especially during the seasons characterized by intense rainfall. The pea plant tolerates both cold and atmospheric precipitation and short periods of drought. The important thing is to avoid dangerous water changes, trying not to drown the plant by stagnating the water. In choosing the irrigation system we can opt for the manual solution with a watering can, or you can choose the fixed system, planning the watering operations during the summer season at 2-3 per week when the heat gets torrid.
How to take care of peas
The cultivation of peas does not require special care and can also be done by inexperienced people who do not have a green thumb. The first consideration to make concerns the choice of plant varieties, buying them in the nursery or starting from the seeds. If we decide to grow peas in pots, we will have to opt for dwarf varieties, which grow around half a meter in height. The other varieties are climbers and need instead a support to grow on. The pea plant is very resistant and does not fear cold weather. It may be useful, however, to use mulch, preferably using natural material such as grass clippings or bark that also release important nutrients. The function of the mulch is, besides being protective, stabilizing from the point of view of humidity.
Soil for sowing peas
Peas are rarely sown in seedbeds by transplanting them later. In fact peas sprout very easily, even at temperatures just above 8 ° C. Furthermore, the root system of the young seedling would be too delicate and risk ruining. The operation carried out directly at home must be done on land that is already ready. The preparation is carried out by making an organic fertilizer and, optionally, natural compost. When the soil has absorbed the nutrients it can be passed to the actual sowing by separating the peas of 20cm from each other and at least 70cm between the parallel rows. They can be sown both in autumn, between the months of October and November and in Spring, starting from the end of February. A new fertilization procedure should not be necessary during growth. If necessary it is recommended when the first flowers bloom, to favor fruiting.
Sowing peas: Exposure of peas and diseases
Peas can be both in the sun and in an area of the garden where direct radiation arrives for most of the day. They adapt to the climates of all regions of Italy and can be successfully cultivated both on the hills and in the plains. They are fairly resistant to atmospheric phenomena and tolerate even fairly cold winters. Already from sowing they are fairly easy to tick, even in months like the autumn ones in which the other vegetables would not germinate. It is useful to remember that after cultivation it would be good not to remove the roots from the soil because, like all legumes, even peas behave like a natural fertilizer, enriching the soil for subsequent crops. In the growth phase they can be attacked by diseases even if it is rare that they are real fungal diseases. In general it is sufficient to correct the watering practice, limiting it to when it is strictly necessary.