How to cure rare succulents

How to cure rare succulents

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How to water rare succulents

The commonplace is that succulent plants should never be wet. This is not true at all: let's find out how and when to water our rare succulents. The watering of the succulents varies according to the temperatures: above 15 degrees centigrade average, it will be necessary to wet them at least once a month, below five degrees centigrade average, the irrigation must be suspended. For all cases of indecision, we can rely on the good old habit of checking the humidity of the soil: when the surface layer is completely dry, it is time to give water to our plant. Some specimens, such as the Mammillaria pectinifera, grow naturally in desert areas and do not develop stems greater than a few centimeters, which is why they require small amounts of water. Otherwise the Obregonia prefers abundant watering especially in summer.

Take care of rare succulents

Unlike other variants of succulents, rare succulents need more attention that respects the fragility of the specimens, which makes them so rare and precious. A first important element is represented by the choice of the vessel. The dimensions must adapt to those of the plant, allowing an adequate development of the roots, without however exceeding, risking to cause water stagnation very dangerous for the plant. The genus Ariocarpus is one of the most fragile and complex to cultivate correctly. For this type of plants it is advisable to use a pot with an elongated shape that allows the roots to develop in depth. A plastic jar makes the soil's moisture content more even, allowing the roots to develop properly. A further precaution is to surround the collar of the plant with inert gravel type material that quickly filters the humidity avoiding stagnation.

How to fertilize rare succulents

Like all plants, even succulents need chemicals that provide the right nutrition to sustain growth. Many substances, such as oxygen, hydrogen, carbon and calcium, are already naturally contained in the normal irrigation water and in the earth of the vessel without the need for integration. On the contrary, for all the rest it is necessary to use a specific fertilizer. The main necessary substances are potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. However, each variety of rare succulent plant requires different dosages of these three elements. The specimens belonging to the family of cacti, such as Ferocactus glaucescens, for example, originate from areas where nitrogen is little present in the soil, for this reason it is not necessary to provide much, unlike plants with green leaves that require a greater quantity.

How to cure rare succulents: How to prevent and treat diseases

There are three possible causes that cause suffering to succulents: cold, excess humidity and poor lighting. Each of these conditions is recognizable by the particular symptoms: the cold causes cracks on the trunk, the humidity makes the plant yellowish, while the lack of light makes it appear dry and fragile. The prevention of these three conditions is simple, the plant must be kept in a dry, free from drafts, possibly exposed on the south side of the house and watered only when the ground appears dry. Even parasitic organisms such as cochineal and fungi can threaten our green friends. To avoid this, it is good to perform regular treatments in spring and winter, that is at the beginning of the two main cycles of the vegetative life of the plant. Another good habit, can be the regular repotting to be carried out every year for young plants and every four for mature ones.


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