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The Zamioculcas

Zamioculcas is a plant that adapts perfectly to apartment living, managing to withstand the hot and dry climate present. They are robust plants, which manage to grow even if long forgotten, without watering. To have a luxuriant plant and with so many new shoots every year it is however advisable to water regularly, from April to September; during the months with short days it is possible to water even sporadically. Of fundamental importance is to keep the Zamioculcas soil not excessively wet: after each watering it is advisable to wait for it to dry perfectly. This means that the specimens grown in the apartment throughout the year may require sporadic watering even in winter; if instead the Zamia is placed in the garden, then the watering must be more regular.

Growing Zamioculcas

Only the zamiifolia species belongs to the genus Zamioculcas; it is a succulent plant, very easy to cultivate. This characteristic has led to the plant having a wide spread: even if poorly lit and watered the Zamia tends to maintain a turgid and decorative foliage, without showing particular sufferings. To obtain a luxuriant and pleasant plant it is however necessary to have a greater care, avoiding to leave it in excessively dark places, or in a very dry climate. The foliage tends to accumulate dirt and dust rapidly, so it is advisable to periodically clean it with a damp cloth. Zamioculcas needs not excessively large vessels; when you notice that the roots come out of the container it is good to repot it, using a jar a few centimeters larger than the previous one.

Fertilize the Zamioculcas

Zamioculcas plants are succulent, so they are suitable for living in poor, rocky or sandy soil. They do not require excessive fertilization, because they can risk excessive stimulation of the plant, giving rise to a soft vegetation of little value. A succulent flat fertilizer is used, relatively poor in nitrogen and rich in potassium. The fertilizer is supplied about once a month, or every three weeks, from April to September, mixed with the water used for watering. They love a very well-drained soil that avoids water stagnation, which can be particularly harmful to the delicate root system of plants. It is not necessary to resort to periodic pruning, but if some leaves show breakage points or damaged areas it is advisable to cut them.

Pests and diseases

Zamioculcas plants grow best if grown in a bright area, avoiding particularly dark places, but also direct sunlight. If moved in full light they can show burns on the foliage, whose presence is reduced by moving the plant to a more shaded area. If you water with excessive regularity, keeping the soil always damp, they can develop risky rots, which quickly go up from the collar to the apex of each individual leaf. In these cases it is advisable to remove the damaged areas, to prevent the rot from spreading to the entire plant. In the case of cultivation in very dry and poorly ventilated areas between the leaves you can nest the cochineal, which must be removed manually, or using a special insecticide. Zamioculcas plants can also withstand adverse cultivation conditions; in the long run, however, they will lose turgor and color; in these cases it is better to water and fertilize more, positioning the plants in a brighter area.