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How to irrigate

The Mediterranean climate has a low level of rainfall, concentrated in autumn and winter. We must therefore resort to watering to make up for the lack of water during the summer season. Lime trees are very demanding on the quality of irrigation water, because a high content of chlorine and sodium can cause a decrease in quality and quantity of production. Regarding irrigation systems, the best one is the one for sprinkling under the foliage and in many cases the drip. It is very important to control weeds, which compete for water during the hot season, so weeding or mulching, usually seasonal, is usually done during the spring. Even during the winter season we must not miss watering, possibly by spraying.

How to cultivate

The most often given form to the lime in culture is the globular one. To get to this shape we start with a plant deck, with three or four branches, which must be inclined and properly spaced, eliminating other branches too. These branches will be covered with thick foliage to obtain a full foliage that reaches even the ground. If you cultivate in pots you need to choose containers of little weight to simplify the movements of the lime plant or pot holders can be used with wheels. For a plant up to one year of age, a pot of about 30 centimeters is used, then, it is passed to a container of about forty centimeters. Of fundamental importance is to ensure that the vessel has drainage holes.

How to fertilize

The lime plant needs a correct fertilization, for this it is necessary to carry out an analysis of the soil and, subsequently, one of the leaves to know the nutritional levels of the plant and to predict the deficiencies or excesses of the elements. These operations allow to intervene with the fertilizer in the event that there are deficiencies of some elements. Possibly, administer a specific fertilizer for citrus fruits, for example one based on marine algae, which supplies microelements such as iron, zinc and manganese. Many organic fertilizers do not have microelements so it is important to look for fertilizers that can resolve these shortcomings and scrupulously follow the directions on the labels. During the winter, when the plant is kept indoors, give fertilizer in half doses.

Lime: Diseases and remedies

Lime plants can be affected by various diseases caused mainly by difficult climatic conditions, lack of elements or water, air pollutants. Citrus fruits suffer a lot at low temperatures and, around zero degrees, they can even die. Plants can be affected by virosis, which must be addressed with specific products, possibly biological. There are also various plant and animal parasites that lead to root rot, plant decay and loss of production. Among the most common pathologies, there are dry pain, collar gum, pedal rot and gum cancer, or animal parasites such as many insects, mites, cochineal and different types of aphids capable of causing numerous damages. These must be fought with herbal infusions and biological pesticides.