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Moisture and irrigation

The litchi tree grows in remarkably high humidity conditions. For this reason it is necessary to guarantee a constant and generous water supply, which is sufficient not only in the growth phase but also and above all for fruiting. Wanting to grow it in Italy, in areas where it is possible to try to develop it, we will have to think about reproducing a habitat as similar as possible to the original one, that is, with rainy periods alternating with warm but never completely dry periods. In this case, it could be useful to wet the base and also the aerial part of the plant, so that the droplets can guarantee this kind of situation. The lychee bears even 15-20 days of prolonged drought as long as the high rate of humidity is maintained. However, it is risky to keep the tree in too wet soil, where dangerous stagnation can occur.

Take care of it

The litchi plants that can be found in Italian nurseries are: Kwai Mai Pink, Sweetheart, Brewster, Tai-so. The tree is mainly cultivated in China and in the south-east of Asia. In Italy it is not widespread and only in the southern regions can one find crops dedicated to this variety. Generally the multiplication takes place by layering, making a branch of an adult plant root inside a sack and then cutting it and transplanting it like a young specimen. The cutting and grafting are rather difficult to complete and it is not recommended to start from the seed, unless you want to reproduce a particular species. It is an evergreen tree that does not need particular interventions even if it can hardly adapt in conditions different from the tropical and subtropical ones. The adult tree reaches about 10m in height.

Ideal terrain

The soil for litchi cultivation is loose, well draining and light. Having purchased an adult specimen to be transplanted in the open field, it would be better to have prepared the land well in advance. We will dig and hoe in depth, also acting on the substrate and trying to avoid the formation of hard clods. We will fertilize with mature manure and biological compost. After which the earth is left to rest to completely absorb the nutrients. Then we will dig a hole the size of the litchi earthen bun. Once buried we will cover with more land and we will compact gently. Periodically the litchi will benefit from further fertilization interventions, always using biological compost or organic fertilizer and burying it near the base of the plant. It is essential to check the drainage of the soil since we will have to intervene with generous waterings that will not however have to create puddles.

Litchi: Climate and adversity

We will hardly be able to obtain generous productions of litchi if we cannot imitate tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. The lychee bears even short periods of cold, as long as it does not go too far below zero. The young plant tolerates badly even temperatures of 2 ° C. The important thing is that summer is particularly hot and very rainy but above all humid. Drought, in fact, in itself is not a problem while humidity is an essential condition for correct development. The main adversities of litchi are related to this problem. The plant can be attacked by animal and vegetable pests that are fought with specific antiparasitic and antifungal products, but if the high degree of humidity is not respected, we will have a tree that can survive but does not produce fruit.


  1. Faegrel

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  3. Rowyn

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  4. Makolm

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