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Irrigation of wild fennel
The wild fennel is a plant totally edible in its entirety from the roots, to the stems, to the leaves and to the seeds. This plant is born spontaneously, however it can be cultivated for ornamental purposes and for productive purposes. It is an aromatic herb not particularly demanding from the water point of view, in fact it does not require great attention with regards to irrigation. Naturally the quantity of water to be supplied and the intensity of the interventions must take into account the season and the climatic conditions of the area in which one lives. Being a plant cultivated mainly outside, it will be sufficient to compensate with its interventions the quantities of water supplied by the rains. In the event that rain is not expected it is recommended to irrigate the plant only when the soil is completely dry. It is also advisable, especially in summer, to avoid the administration of water during the hottest hours, trying to intervene in the early hours of the day, or towards evening. Finally it is recommended to avoid water stagnation conditions that could cause damage to the roots.
The cultivation of wild fennel
Wild fennel is a plant that can withstand even the highest temperatures. On the contrary, it does not tolerate excessively rigid temperatures. For this reason it is advisable to protect the plant in case of night frosts. Wild fennel is grown mainly in the open ground. Pot cultivation is not recommended, as it is a plant that needs ample space and for this reason excessively large pots would be required. The seed is spread directly on the ground, avoiding soils that favor water stagnation. Sowing can take place from late spring until the end of summer. In addition to sowing, plants can also be propagated by dividing the heads in late summer. This technique is recommended only if the number of plants to be reproduced is limited. The leaves and softer shoots of the plant are used to flavor salads, fish dishes, sauces and vinegars. The seeds must be harvested when they are almost ripe and must be dried. In the kitchen the seeds of wild fennel are used as an aromatic spice with porchetta and in other sausages.
Fennel fertilization interventions are not necessary, as the plant is able to develop independently. However, in case you want to guarantee the plant a faster and better development it is possible to provide support to the plant. The first fundamental intervention must be carried out during the seedbed preparation phase. We recommend using manure or other organic fertilizer. In case you decide to use manure, make sure it is ripe. During cultivation, interventions can always be carried out using manure or mineral fertilizers based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can be used. It is advisable to spread these products at the base of the plant towards the beginning of autumn.
Wild Fennel: Diseases and Pests
The fungi that can affect wild fennel are mildew, powdery mildew and bacteriosis. In the event that these problems should arise, given that the wild fennel is a fast-growing plant, it is advisable to completely eliminate the diseased parts and proceed to treat the rest of the plant with specific fungicides. Usually these problems are related to an excessive presence of water and a high level of humidity. It is therefore advisable not to overdo irrigation and to choose places exposed to direct sunlight. The insects that can attack wild fennel are aphids and snails. As for the aphids, if the attacks are of modest entity it will be sufficient to remove and destroy the infested branches. In the case in which, instead, the presence of insects was massive, the use of specific insecticides is recommended. For snails it is sufficient to remove them manually. However, in the event that they were numerous, it is possible to use specific chemical baits to remove them from the plant.