Growing cucumbers in the open field and in a greenhouse for the Krasnodar Territory, the best varieties

Growing cucumbers in the open field and in a greenhouse for the Krasnodar Territory, the best varieties

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You can choose many varieties of cucumbers for the Krasnodar Territory. The warm, mild climate is suitable for most vegetable crops. The land in this area is considered fertile and you don't have to think about what kind of fertilization you need to apply. The only drawback is dry air and occasional rainfall.

Important information

The Krasnodar Territory is distinguished by fertile soils, but the negative side is its insufficient moisture. If you do not have to make a lot of fertilizers, but you will always need to monitor timely watering. The hot climate has a bad effect on the root system, therefore, when choosing varieties, one should take into account their resistance to drought and pests.

If the soil is not moistened in time, then its temperature can reach 35-40 degrees. In this case, diseases begin to develop, the leaves wither, dry out, the ovaries fall off.

Watering is not the only solution to the drought problem. Mulching will make it easier to care for tomatoes. Covering the soil with an additional layer will help not only retain moisture in the soil, but also reduce the risk of spreading infection, and there is no need to control weeds. As mulch, you can choose light-colored sawdust or sand, light plastic wrap.

You can save moisture in the soil by spreading cut or plucked grass between the rows. Nettles work best. In addition to retaining moisture, it is able to enrich it with trace elements, and the smell repels many pests.

For the successful cultivation of cucumbers in a greenhouse in the Krasnodar Territory, you must follow some rules. Information is especially important for beginners.

  1. The best soil in a greenhouse is a mixture of turf and humus. A high yield can be obtained by mixing the soil with coniferous sawdust.
  2. In the spring, the soil is dug up and disinfected; copper sulfate can be used for this purpose.
  3. Fertilizing is useful. A mixture of potassium sulfate, superphosphate and ammonium nitrate is suitable.
  4. Cucumber seeds in the southern regions under greenhouse conditions can be planted in late February or early March. You can plant on an unprotected garden plot already at the beginning of May, by which time the earth has time to warm up.
  5. The distance between varieties that involve pollination by bees should be approximately 45 cm, and between rows about 50 cm.
  6. It is recommended to install a support, to which after 5 days you will need to tie the stem.
  7. Fertilizer must be applied before and after fruiting. During the growth of the fruit, no fertilizing is applied.

It is best to choose hybrids. They are obtained by breeders by crossing certain varieties of cucumbers to obtain the best characteristics. Hybrids are characterized by high resistance to arid climate, disease and pest attack.

Lots of greenery

When growing cucumbers in the Krasnodar Territory, it is best to opt for varieties with highly leafy branching. Greens will be able to protect the soil from overheating and fully saturate the plant with moisture. It is imperative to remove old leaves from the plant in order to enable new ones to appear.

Ant F1 belongs to very early varieties, you can harvest the first crop after a little over a month. Length about 11.5 cm, weight about 100 g. The tubercles are large, covered with white fluff. Suitable for greenhouses, but grows well outdoors. The taste is juicy, without the aftertaste of bitterness. Bears fruit even in the absence of sufficient moisture.

Grasshopper belongs to varieties with early ripening of fruits. After 40 days, you can taste the cucumbers. Pollination by bees is not required. The fruits themselves have large tubercles and slight ribbing. They grow in length up to 14 cm, they can weigh 110 g.

You can taste Okhotny Ryad gherkins as early as 38 days after planting the seeds. The fruits are not very long, only 9 cm. The tubercles are small and there are not very many of them. Shows resistance to many diseases, tolerates drought, bears fruit for a long time.

The first class refers to self-pollinated varieties. After full germination, the first fruits can be harvested in 39 days. Small cucumbers weighing about 85 g have an oval shape, small tubercles and rare fluff. In the southern regions, it can be grown without shelter.

For cucumbers of these varieties, minimal care is required. For the entire growing season, it is enough to apply fertilizers three times, periodically weed and loosen the soil.

Against heat and drought

The Kuban climate is characterized by a predominance of sunny, dry days. Drought adversely affects vegetable crops, so you have to adjust. In the Kuban, you can plant varieties that are highly resistant to heat and drought. The most popular among gardeners include the following varieties of cucumbers.

The high-yielding plant of the Tamerlan F1 variety begins to bear fruit in 41 days. Stably resists many diseases, the variety is not subject to decay. The length of the fruit reaches 15 cm. The surface is smooth, the inside is crispy, without bitterness.

Bukhara F1 is an early maturing, self-pollinated variety. The first sample can be taken after 42 days. Resistant to many viruses. The plant tolerates heat well. The fruits ripen at the same time, have a thin, smooth skin and a sweet, crunchy inside. Weight approx. 120 g, length approx. 14 cm.

Kochubey F1 gives smooth, dark green cucumbers, up to 15 cm long. It has average fruit ripening limits. The first crop is harvested after 50 days. Smooth cucumbers are about 11 cm long, can weigh 115 g.

The F1 farmer is characterized by medium-early fruit ripening (45 days). The tubercles on the fruits are small, sparse, with slight ribbing. The length of the cucumbers is about 10 cm, weight is about 100 g. It tolerates temperature changes and is resistant to many diseases.

The Melnitsa F1 variety pleases gardeners with its numerous, high-quality, harvest, which ripens early. The tubercles are large with a white edge. The length can reach 18 cm. The flesh is firm and crispy, there is not a hint of bitterness.

The hybrid Marta F1 belongs to bee-pollinated varieties with excellent, numerous yields. Thin, long cucumbers can be up to 35 cm in length. The surface of the fruit is lumpy, sweet and crunchy in taste.

Fast and Furious F1 is an early maturing cucumber variety that can be planted in open ground and greenhouses. The first harvest is possible in 38 days. Surface with large tubercles, spines at the end of the tubercles. Fruit length is about 12 cm, weight is 120 g.

High yield

The best varieties of cucumbers for the Rostov region, which are distinguished by high yields.

The gherda F1 cucumber species belongs to the mid-early groups. You can harvest the crop in 1.5 months. Cucumbers are short with large tubercles; the dark green surface has light green stripes. Fruit length is about 9 cm, weight is about 75 g.

Kai F1 will delight you with a high yield of small-sized cucumbers. Fruits ripening period is medium-early (48 days). Cucumbers are about 7 cm long and weigh 70 g. There are many large tubercles on the surface. The pulp is firm and crispy.

You can grow Madame F1 gherkins. Juicy, tasty fruits can be harvested after 43 days, ripen at the same time. Flowers are pollinated by bees, so this condition must be taken into account when growing in greenhouses. Short cucumbers on the surface have small tubercles and light stripes.

The advantage is not only the small size, but also the ability not to turn yellow for a long time. There is no bitterness in the taste.

The Alligator F1 variety bears fruit for a long time, has a high yield and is resistant to rot and diseases. The surface has sparse tubercles and short stripes. The fruits are long, can reach 40 cm, while the weight is about 300 g. The taste is juicy with a pleasant sweetish aftertaste.

In the Rostov region, cucumbers grown from seeds of the Uspekh 221 variety have shown good results. They are often planted in the southern regions in open beds, since the plant tolerates drought and a hot climate. Pollinated by bees. Large fruits ripen 48 days after planting.

Sputnik F1 hybrid belongs to mid-season varieties. The fruits begin to ripen in 43 days. Cylindrical cucumbers weigh on average 70 g, average ribbing, small tubercles. The pulp is very juicy and sweet.

All these seeds of the best varieties of cucumbers for the Rostov region tolerate temperature changes well, they can develop for a long time without soil moisture and show resistance to the main pathogens.

The answer of experienced gardeners

“I have been living in the Kuban for a long time. And I want to share my experience in growing cucumbers.

Since autumn, when the crops are harvested from the beds, I dig shallow trenches at a distance of about 20 cm. I pour humus or fallen leaves into the resulting grooves, sometimes I use wood ash. I fill the trench with earth.

Planting cucumbers of proven and favorite varieties begins in spring, at the beginning of May. As soon as the shoots sprout, I thin out. I leave the seedlings at a distance of 25 cm. Near each plant I install a support, to which I then tie the stem.

The most favorite varieties are Zhuravlenok, Solnechny, Finger, Semcross. I water, spray and fertilize as needed. Cucumbers grow big, tasty, do not turn yellow and do not taste bitter. "

Cranes begin to ripen after 43 days. The fruits widen slightly towards the tip, covered with sparse tubercles with black dots. They grow in length about 11 cm, weigh about 100 g. The variety actively resists disease. Numerous fruits taste crispy and not bitter.

The fruits of the Sunny variety have a cylindrical shape, large tubercles with white thorns. The color of the fruit is light green. In length they can reach 12 cm, weigh about 110 g. The first harvest will be possible to take in 45 days.

Semcross F1 is an early maturing cucumber variety pollinated by bees. Fruits ripen early, show resistance to disease. They are small in length, only 8-9 cm, weighing about 85 g. On the surface there are large tubercles. There is no bitterness in the taste.

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