Description and characteristics of the summer apple variety Malt Bagaevsky

Description and characteristics of the summer apple variety Malt Bagaevsky


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The apple tree is everyone's favorite fruit tree, which is especially popular among fruit crops. For several centuries, using the crossing method, specialists have been producing new varieties with certain indicators of fertility and adaptation to weather conditions. The most widespread variety of folk selection is the Malt Bagaevsky apple tree. Let's take a closer look at what a fruit tree is.

What species does it belong to?

The fruits of "Malta Bagaevsky" belong to the group of summer varieties of apples. The apple harvest is not stored for a long time. The shelf life varies from 1 to 3 weeks, but no more. It is for this reason that experienced gardeners recommend eating ripe fruits immediately after removal from the tree, provided that they are fully ripe.

Pollination

For pollination of the "Malta Bagaevsky" variety and for obtaining a large number of apples, the species Anis Polosaty, Renet Pisguda, Belfleur-Kitayka, Papirovka, Antonovka are used.

Description of the variety

Before planting a particular plant in the ground, every gardener is interested in a detailed description of the fruit tree.

The rounded crown of the tree gives an unusual appearance. Each branch is thick, growing at a steep angle from the trunk. The bark is gray. Roughness is felt when you run your hand over the surface.

The leaves are large and oval with a pointed end. The inflorescence contains from 2 to 6 flowers. The shape of the petals is cup-shaped, cream-colored.

Speaking of apple fruits, they are of medium size. One apple can weigh up to 110 grams. They are round in shape with a smooth surface. No pronounced ribbing is observed. The color ranges from white to green and turns yellow-green when fully ripe. 1/3 of the surface of the Malta Bagaevsky apple is covered with a slight blush.

On closer inspection, a waxy coating, white subcutaneous dots can be found on the skin of the fruit.

The flesh of the fruit is dense, pure white with a slight red tint. The taste is very juicy, crunchy, sweet and sour and aromatic.

Breeding history

Apple trees "Malta Bagaevsky" are summer fruit trees. The culture was brought up in 1908 in the Saratov region from the Kuznetsov family living in the Bagayevka countryside. The variety was mentioned by V.V. Pashkevich in the author's book, where different species were described - gray, yellow, pink, onion.

Scientists suggest that Anis and Malt Gray were the parents of this variety, since the apples obtained are similar in quality to the indicated species.

Growing region

As already mentioned, the Saratov region is considered the birthplace of fruit culture. The variety is suitable for cultivation in Central Russia, the Middle Volga region, Mordovia.

Apple trees of the "Malt Bagaevsky" variety are resistant to arid places, have frost-resistant properties. Therefore, they grow well in the South.

Yield

The main advantage of the Malt Bagaevsky apple tree, which is distinguished not only by breeders, but also by summer residents, is its high yield.

The fruiting period begins 6-7 years from the moment of planting in open ground, provided that proper care was taken. The fruit tree is characterized as an apple tree with a smooth fruiting frequency.

From one tree of the specified variety, up to 100 kg of tasty fruits can be removed per season. Good fertility lasts up to 150 years.

The collection period is in late July or early August. Spread in dry wicker baskets and after 7 days can be consumed.

Important! Ripe apples are not transportable. Therefore, it is recommended that the fruit be picked slightly unripe for successful transport.

Pest and disease resistance

Speaking about the diseases of this fruit crop, it has practically no immunity to pathogenic fungal microorganisms.

If the climatic conditions are not dry, but rather very humid, then the tree is at risk of contracting the following diseases:

  • leaf scab is a disease, the pest of which has a borderline state between fungi and bacteria. Initially, the underside of the leaf is affected and appears as a velvety, olive-colored bloom. After a while, if the problem is ignored, a more noticeable sign is formed - a gray-red tint of plaque. Apples turn black. The appearance is burnt. Accordingly, the taste is lost and it is pointless to talk about the usefulness of the fruit. As a rule, young trees are considered unstable. Often the disease manifests itself during the storage period of apples. To prevent it, be sure to regularly treat with disinfectants;
  • fruit rot is a dangerous disease of pome fruits. The penetration of infection occurs through the skin in the presence of even minor injuries. Failure to remove apples affected by the fungus increases the risk of infection of the fruit branch and death of the tree. For prevention, it is required to prune the crown of the apple tree annually. It is also recommended to remove dried twigs if the first signs of rot appear on them. Do not forget to constantly feed the fruit tree with nutritious and vitamin formulations.

Oddly enough, but this type of apple in rare cases are exposed to pathogenic microflora that cause black cancer disease.

Winter hardiness

Malta apples are drought and frost resistant. In spring, it leaves the hibernation perfectly, does not freeze.

The apple tree has a lot of positive properties, unlike other summer types of apple trees. The life span is long, the harvest shows good results, the quality of the fruits is excellent, and the adaptation to dry and frosty climatic zones is excellent. The variety is beneficial and tasty.


Watch the video: Tasting 17 Apple Varieties and New Seedlings Ripening