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Not a single alpine slide, or rockery, can do without plantings. With a chic rosette of fleshy leaves and a high peduncle, the plant can be used in group plantings or create separate compositions. Rejuvenated has several species, which differ not only in the shape of the leaf, but also in color.
Description of the plant
Belongs to the Tolstyankov family. The appearance is entirely consistent with the name. Having thickened shoots and leaves, it stands out from a variety of other species. It is called a stone rose due to the fact that its rosette resembles a rosebud that grows directly from the ground..
Inflorescences of young plants grow very densely, one to one, forming whole groups of dozens of plants growing together. Leaves are dense and fleshy, with sharp ends, closed in a rosette. The star-shaped flowers are yellow, pink and white. They are located on single shoots that grow up to 20 centimeters in height.
Types of Rejuvenated
It is important not to confuse plant species and varieties. Species are created by nature in the process of development, and the variety is bred by a person (breeder). In nature, there are 12 main types of this culture and more than 50 subspecies.
Refers to the largest representatives of the sempervivum. The circumference of its rosette is 20 and the height is 8 centimeters. Peduncles with leaves on them are strewn with flowers. Height - up to 60 centimeters.
Blooms in mid-summer and ends in late August. The flowers are dark or light cherry color. The stone rose multiplies rapidly. Leaves, slightly pointed at the ends, are collected in a bunch. Shoots of a red hue. This type has two subspecies:
- with purple leaves;
- brown leaves.
The size of the rosettes is from 3 to 20 centimeters.
This type of rosette can be up to 35 centimeters wide, with a base of only 7 centimeters. A feature is the stems covered with hairs and grooves. The leaves of the rosettes are elongated. Inflorescences are yellow, fluffy, up to 10 centimeters high. Bloom begins in July-August. Flowering lasts no more than 40 days.
It is this type of sempervivum that attracts attention with its appearance. The perennial has spherical rosettes - up to 2 centimeters. Juicy green leaves with cherry edges. It got its name from the white, intertwined threads that are located on the leaves of the plant. Visually, they resemble a spider web.
The purple-red flowers of this species appear by mid-July. The young spiderweb also has varieties that differ in leaf color and size.
Rejuvenated Marble at an early age is distinguished by a slight hairiness. The color of the leaves is green at the base, and the middle and tips are red. The width was young - up to 10 centimeters. The flower stalks are covered with red flowers decorated with white edging. Stretch up to 20 centimeters in height.
It takes root well on stony soil, does not tolerate shade and stagnant moisture. Having small rosettes (only 3 centimeters), it produces a peduncle to a height of 15 centimeters. Blooms in July. The green-yellow flowers are densely arranged and bloom together. The leaves are green with red edges.
This one had small sockets rejuvenated - up to 2.5 centimeters. Green leaves have cilia-like pointed edges at the edges. Peduncles with leaves along the trunk stretch up to 25 centimeters. The flowers are purple-red, delicate. Each petal has a darker strip in the middle. Flowering lasts from the last days of June to mid-August.
The Caucasian species deserves special attention. The rosette can extend in height up to 20, and its width does not exceed 5 centimeters. The stems are shaggy, as they are covered with multiple glandular hairs. The inflorescence stretches up to 7 centimeters, with many purple and lilac flowers.
Important! If you do not intend to collect seeds, then after flowering, the peduncle must be removed. With the formation of seeds, the peduncle dries up, and the rosette itself begins to dry out, the result is the death of the plant.
The varieties were young
Sempervivum has many varieties and forms of hybrid origin. Some can even be grown indoors. Many have become very popular with flower growers.
One of the favorites of florists. It attracts with glossy leaves, along the edging of which there are cilia. The rosettes are small - up to 5 centimeters in diameter; the peduncle is expelled up to 25 centimeters in length. Lemon flowers with a pleasant aroma. In the center is a spot of purple hue.
This spectacular variety was recently bred. It differs from other specimens in the dark brown color of the leaves. It blooms with white flowers starting in the middle of summer.
Planting and caring for the young
For a sempervivum to please the eye, it needs to provide certain conditions for growth and reproduction.
The agricultural technique of this flower is very simple. He is not afraid of spring frosts, droughts, scorching summer sun. Does not need fertilizers and systematic watering. It is not prone to diseases (except for rot) and is not affected by pests.
It is necessary to take into account the following growing rules:
- Loves bright and sunny areas. In the shade, the leaves become dull and the plant will slow down growth and development. Rockeries and alpine slides are the best option.
- It grows on different soils, except for damp ones, where moisture stagnates. Prefers loose and light soils.
- The transplant must be done when the socket is noticeably shallow and twisted. Approximately once every 3 years, in early autumn.
- It only needs watering in dry weather, as it easily tolerates drought. Excessive watering is not recommended, since with stagnant moisture, the plant is affected by rot.
- Preparing for winter. Adult plants are winter hardy. Only young individuals need shelter. Can be covered with spruce branches or special covering material.
- It is necessary to remove faded peduncles, rotten leaves in time. After watering, the soil must be loosened.
Even a beginner can handle these simple rules of care.
The rejuvenated reproduces well independently. A bud is formed on the stems that come from the mother plant, which then forms a rosette. When it reaches the soil, it immediately begins to take root. There are several such offshoots from the mother's outlet.
Over time, there may be about 10 children around her. Within a year, they develop into an adult plant. They are separated and transplanted to a new location. The distance from each other is about 7 centimeters. Young plants root well and take root.
Use in the garden
The main application of Sempervivum is, of course, alpine slides and rockeries. Compositions of these plants can decorate any stone garden. They fit perfectly into any style and size.
Some varieties, with small rosettes and peduncles, are used for small rockeries. The number and variety of species and varieties allows you to make even a green carpet in the beds, as well as create separate small compositions.
A very popular hybrid variety is Pharaoh. It is always used in group plantings. All varieties and species of rejuvenated are in good harmony with saxifrage and stonecrop.
Diseases and pests
Birds are the main leaf pests of the plant. The root system is damaged by larvae. The affected flower begins to wilt and needs to be transplanted. The previous place must be cleared of larvae.
From diseases - rot. It can appear at the base of the outlet, due to excessive watering or wet and rainy weather. Rotten leaves must be removed.
Rejuvenated has long been used in medicine. After all, it has anti-inflammatory, disinfectant and analgesic properties..
It is used in the treatment of the following diseases:
- stomach ulcer;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
With an insect bite, wound, cut, you can use a crushed leaf of rejuvenation. The sap of the plant removes age spots on the face and freckles.
Important! Before using the plant for medicinal purposes, you should consult your doctor.
There are not many such plants that do not require much attention. Rejuvenated is one of them. It is not for nothing that flower growers love it so much: it is unpretentious, beautiful and can become an adornment of any garden. And there are a large number of its varieties.