Description of apricot variety Zhigulevsky Souvenir, breeding history and characteristics of fruits

Description of apricot variety Zhigulevsky Souvenir, breeding history and characteristics of fruits


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Potassium-rich apricot fruits can become an active dietary supplement in many diseases. Until recently, for residents of central Russia, it seemed like a pipe dream to grow this primordially southern fruit on their personal plot. To date, several winter-hardy varieties have been bred. Apricot variety Zhigulevsky Souvenir is one of those that can grow in temperate climates.

Breeding history

The winter-hardy apricot variety got its name in honor of the town of Zhigulevsk, in which it was bred. It turned out to be a souvenir for the scientific community because a person who did not have a special education managed to cultivate the variety. Bessmertnov V.V., a resident of the Saratov region, gave his compatriots the opportunity to grow apricots, which are not inferior in taste to southern fruits, in their summer cottages.

Apricot varieties of the selection of Bessmertnova V.V. - Zhigulevsky Sibiryak, Dar Nebes, Petrovich, are known to gardeners, but they cannot be found in any directory of Russian varieties. They are not included in the register of fruit trees either. The same fate befell the Zhigulevsky Souvenir variety.

Description of the variety

The standard height for fruit trees is 3-4 meters. A pyramidal crown with an average density of branches. The bark on the branches is smooth, its color depends on the age of the shoot. The older it is, the darker the brown shade, the youngest shoots are green.

Leaves are oval with pointed tips, pubescent on the back. The outer side is much darker, cut with deep grooves.

The description of the Zhigulevsky Souvenir variety will not be complete without information about the yield, and it is up to 45 kg per season from one adult plant.

Fruit:

  • small - 22-35 g;
  • the main color is yellow, one side has a pink bright blush;
  • the pulp is orange, dense;
  • the skin is tender, without pubescence, it is difficult to separate from the pulp;
  • medium-sized bone from the pulp is easily separated.

For the apricot variety Zhigulevsky Souvenir, certain conditions are needed during flowering. If the temperature drops below zero, there is a threat to lose the crop.

Characteristics

The exactingness of the fruit crop, the intolerance of certain conditions are the disadvantages of the selection of apricot Zhigulevsky Souvenir, carried out by an amateur gardener. Some imperfections of the variety are corrected by grafting more hardy boles, recommended for a particular region by professional breeders. But what kind of fruits will be after that and whether the variety will remain self-fertile is an open question.

Drought resistance, winter hardiness

The winter hardiness of the Zhigulevsky Souvenir variety is high, the apricot tolerates frost well. Strong changes in air temperature during the swelling of flower buds are the reason for their freezing. After such exposure to the external environment, the kidneys will simply fall off.

Only severe frosts during flowering threaten with barren flowers. In both cases, this threatens with loss of yield.

The root system of a low plant is close to the surface of the soil; the tree cannot extract water from the bowels of the earth even when the aquifer is close. The Zhigulevsky Souvenir does not tolerate drought well. In hot summer, it will have to be abundantly irrigated in the morning or evening hours. Watering a plant under the scorching sun can cause burns to the tree.

In order for the water to get directly to the roots, a circular closed ditch is made around the tree within a radius of 1.5-2 meters from the trunk, into which life-giving moisture will be introduced. This will keep the crop on the branches. With a lack of water and nutrients, the tree will lose part of the unripe crop or get rid of it completely.

Pollination, flowering period, ripening time

The tree is self-fertile, pollinators are bees collecting nectar from its flowers. The early maturing variety begins to bloom in the first decade of March. Drifts of snow that has not melted to the end and sub-zero temperatures are not able to affect the flowering time.

In the last week of July, the apricots are harvested. Ripe fruits are stored for 3-4 days. Unripe are stored for a week. They are easier to transport. When receiving damage from falling, blows, the fruits quickly lose their presentation.

Productivity and fruiting

Under favorable conditions - warm, stable spring and correct planting - in a corner of the garden protected from the winds, the yield of winter-hardy apricot is consistently high. The tree bears fruit every year, bearing an average of 45 kg of sweet and sour, not very juicy fruits.
Disease and pest resistance

Infections and bacteria to apricot Zhigulevsky Souvenir are practically not scary, a plant bred in an open area in a temperate climate has a fairly high immunity to local threats. Fungal lesions, characteristic of drupes, lie in wait for trees growing in lowlands near water bodies.

Neighborhood with cherries, plums, pears, apple trees with sweet fruits increases the risk of damage to leaves and fruits by several types of insects. The average density of the crown contributes to early detection of threats, timely action.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Apricot Zhigulevsky Souvenir, judging by the reviews of gardeners, is good for growing in Moscow, Pskov, Leningrad regions, Kaliningrad. With proper care, this variety has only one, but a very significant drawback - the loss of yield even at the stage of bud swelling during sudden spring frosts. The indisputable advantage of the fruit tree is its resistance to local pathogens.

Features of planting and care

The need for an apricot variety Zhigulevsky Souvenir in bright sunlight does not allow it to be protected by the walls of outbuildings from all sides. But on the leeward side of the site, it is highly desirable to protect the seedling.

Winds blowing almost constantly in one direction strongly influence crown formation. A tree growing in an open area not protected by a blank wall or fence will turn out to be one-sided. The same trouble threatens the plant that is planted in the shade of a tall building or next to a brick fence, because the formation of the crown occurs in the first few years.

Diseases and pests: methods of control and prevention

Cytosporosis of drupe crops is diagnosed on apricot trees by gray tubercles on the bark of the trunk and branches, wilting and drying leaves long before the onset of autumn. For treatment, a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture (copper sulfate and lime) is used.

To prevent the spread of the disease, all affected branches are cut and burned.

Moniliosis - wilting of apricot leaves and shoots occurs after they acquire a brown shade in the form of spots. A 1% Bordeaux mixture is used as a prophylactic agent. To treat the affected apricot tree, you will need Topaz or Topsin-M.

Bacterial necrosis of apricots - ulcers oozing with gum require complex actions:

  • a cut of the affected areas;
  • disinfection of wood with copper sulfate;
  • processing of cuts with garden pitch.

The best protection of a plant from diseases is prevention and the right choice of a place for planting. For an apricot, the neighborhood on a plot with cherry trees threatens to meet a cherry elephant. From apple trees, cherries, pears to apricots, aphids, leaf rollers and spider mites, moths will get over.


Watch the video: Ken Wells Apricot Tree Pruning