Description and characteristics of the Fairy cherry variety, features of cultivation and care

Description and characteristics of the Fairy cherry variety, features of cultivation and care



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A cherry tree is a decoration of a personal plot. From the description of the Fairy cherry variety, it can be noted that in the spring it pleases gardeners with a lush color, and in the fall with a rich harvest. Breeders have bred many varieties that differ in size, shape, taste, fruit color. Before choosing a seedling, it is important to evaluate the climate of the region, as well as the features of care.

Breeding history

The variety was obtained by the breeder Zhukov. Two varieties of cherries were crossed - Coral and Premiere. The variety was registered in 1993. It was entered into the State Register in 2010.

Description of the variety

The description of the variety indicates that the tree is frost-resistant. Cherry Fairy is a low tree with a lush, spherical crown. The foliage is medium in size and has a dark green color.

Cherry blossoms in white. Fruits are pink with pinkish-yellow pulp. Cherries are very juicy and medium in size. Weight up to 4 grams. The tasting carried out showed an assessment of 4.3 points on a scale of 5 points. The peduncle is small, elongated.

Characteristics

The positive characteristics of the seedling, which are given below, are fully revealed if the tree grows on well-fertilized and fed soil.

Drought tolerance

Cherry has an average degree of drought tolerance. When planting a tree, daily watering is required. It is also recommended to water on hot summer days.

The tree is frost-resistant. It successfully withstands temperatures down to -27 degrees. If the temperature is below the specified value, then this can harm the seedling.

Pollination

The variety is self-fertile. Therefore, the yield will only partially depend on insects, as well as pollinators growing nearby. A lonely growing cherry gives up to 50% of the harvest. The maximum yield can be obtained, if you plant Vladimirskaya or Turgenevskaya cherries nearby.

Yield

Has an average early maturity. A planted tree will only be able to give its first fruits in the fourth year. Further bears fruit every year. Up to 12 kilograms of berries are harvested from one tree.

Disease resistance

Pests attack this variety in the same way as other varietal cherries. However, the tree is highly resistant to fungal infections. This is inherited from the Coral variety.

Growing features

To obtain the maximum yield, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of cultivation and care.

Choosing a landing site

When choosing a place, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the tree does not like damp and acidic soils. With increased dampness of the soil, drainage must be done. Choose sunny places on elevations, in the spring there should not be stagnant melt water.

Recommended timing

Experts recommend planting a tree in spring, before bud break. Spring frosts have a detrimental effect on young seedlings. In regions where frosts begin in December, you can plant a sapling after the leaves fall.

When frosts are coming, and there is no certainty that the tree will have time to take root well, then they drop it in. And the final planting is done in the spring.

Planting process

The preparation of the landing pit can be done in the fall. The approximate size is 80 x 80 cm and 40 cm deep. The pit is filled with a fertile mixture, it consists of the top layer of the earth, a bucket of humus, potash and phosphorus fertilizers. The increased acidity of the soil can be reduced by using lime and oatmeal flour. To increase the looseness of the soil, sand is mixed.

Landing rules:

  1. Having made an indent from the center of the pit, it is necessary to hammer in a stake, it will serve as a support for the tree.
  2. Place the seedling in the center and cover with a fertile mixture. Tamp the soil well. It is important that the root collar is higher above ground level.
  3. Tie the seedling to the support.
  4. A root circle is made around the perimeter and a roller of earth is made around. This will trap moisture.
  5. Water the seedling with 3 buckets of water.
  6. Mulch the soil with humus.

Care

The yield of the variety and the correct development of the tree depend on proper care.

Watering

The first time after planting, it is necessary to moisten the soil daily. After the seedling is securely fixed and the root system develops, watering is carried out as the root space dries. The soil around the trunk must be loosened.

In late autumn, the seedling is again generously shed with water.

Top dressing

The fairy has a high need for feeding, namely, a large amount of potassium and nitrogen. Phosphate fertilizers are also needed, but in smaller quantities. These useful substances are found in manure and ash. If it is planned to introduce mineral dressings, then nitrogenous ones are introduced in the spring, and others in the fall.

Special fertilizers are most suitable. They are very easy to use. It is enough to follow all the recommendations indicated on the package.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The Fairy variety has the following advantages:

  1. Drought resistance.
  2. Frost resistance up to a temperature of at least 27 degrees.
  3. Sweet and sour taste.
  4. The ability to cook different workpieces.
  5. Resistance to fungal diseases.

Disadvantages: light color of the fruit, which is mistaken for unripe fruits, when the berry is removed from the stalk, juice appears.


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