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If trichomoniasis is detected in pigeons, poultry owners should start treatment immediately. The disease spreads quickly and is especially dangerous for young animals. A fragile body is not able to resist infection. Infected chicks are difficult to tolerate the disease and may die. Symptoms are not always observed in adults. Such individuals themselves become carriers of the virus.
Causes of the disease
The causative agents of the disease are flagellar microbes. Harmful bacteria actively behave in warm water, but when they get into a dry environment, they lose their dangerous properties. Trichomonas multiply on the mucous membranes. Therefore, the disease affects the larynx or goiter of birds, as well as the organs of the digestive system.
Outbreaks of the disease are most typical for the summer period. Warm water is comfortable for microorganisms. Pigeons to get sick with trichomoniasis, it is enough to get drunk from a puddle. The bacteria are killed in the cold liquid. Even during a thaw after frost, the parasites are not active. Therefore, in winter, the disease is rarely manifested.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis in pigeons
When infected, birds lose activity and become sluggish and lethargic. Birds often refuse food and even stop drinking. Plaque that appears on the laryngeal mucosa obstructs breathing and makes the swallowing reflex difficult.
In acute form, trichomoniasis occurs in young pigeons. At the same time, birds observe:
- Slowdown in development.
- A thickening of the esophagus that results in an inability to swallow food.
- Abundant production of mucus that accumulates in the beak.
- Vomiting, often with blood clots.
- Exhaustion of the body.
- Diarrhea, accompanied by the release of a bubbling mass of yellow-green hue.
- Unpleasant rotting smell.
In adults, trichomoniasis rarely manifests itself as unpleasant symptoms. More often, the disease goes away without visible signs. Sometimes they note:
- Choking attacks.
- Gait disorder.
Trichomoniasis in pigeons manifests itself in different ways. Some birds appear to be nearly healthy, while others show only a few symptoms of the disease. Sometimes the disease leads to the death of birds. The clinical picture depends on the ability to resist the effects of microorganisms.
For research on trichomoniasis, material is taken from the oral cavity of pigeons. The sample is examined under a microscope. The smears are first stained according to the Romanovsky method and then the number of bacteria in the drop is counted to establish the intensity of the infection.
Unlike other bacteria, Trichomonas are not able to survive after being transferred from the bird's body to another environment. After 30 minutes, the pathogen dies. Therefore, it is impossible to delay the analysis. The biomaterial is examined immediately after sampling.
Sometimes farmers arrange diagnostics for pigeons that have no obvious signs of health problems. Research helps to identify carriers of trichomoniasis in the asymptomatic course of the disease.
Treatment and prevention
Trichomoniasis is treatable at an early stage of the disease.
In this case, drugs help:
|Name||Dosage||Mode of application|
|"Trichopol"||For chicks - 35 g of the drug is diluted in 2 liters of water||The solution is instilled into the mouth from a pipette or injected through a tube|
|For adult pigeons - 3 g per 1 l||The resulting mixture is watered birds for several days|
|Silver nitrate, iodoglycerin or lugol||Prepare 0.25% solution||Lubricate areas with ulcers|
It is advised to remove the growths on the skin of pigeons with a scalpel, then treat the affected areas with iodine. In young animals, formations in the form of a yellow plug in the oral cavity are removed and the goiter is massaged. On the eve of the breeding season, veterinarians advise adding "Trichopol" to the pigeon drink for prevention. Formalin, manganese, or other disinfectants also help. The course is designed for a week. Farmers need to pay attention to the cleanliness of the drinkers. Stagnant water is a suitable breeding ground for Trichomonas.
Tightness, dampness and drafts depress the immune system and increase the risk of infection in pigeons. It is better to place young growth separately from the main flock. Contact with wild birds is as limited as possible.
It is useful to add fish oil and vitamins to the diet of pigeons. Disinfection of the room with a solution of bleach or soda ash helps to destroy colonies of harmful bacteria. Preventive examinations of pigeons by veterinarians, as well as examinations of smears taken from the mucous membrane, will also protect from outbreaks of infection.
Bird owners should be aware that untreated cases of trichomoniasis in pigeons are treatable. Emaciated individuals often die. In order for the winged livestock to remain healthy, they provide a comfortable keeping of birds and good nutrition.