Processing, shredding and leveling of the soil with a rake

Processing, shredding and leveling of the soil with a rake

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Processing, shredding and leveling of the soil with a rake

Often before planting the grass it is necessary to move the earth to put the bottom in the most suitable condition for our needs and our projects. The earthworks always highlight the horizons of virgin land, not suitable for the turf plant. If there are no total or partial modifications of the substrate, before proceeding with these movements it is good to remove and set aside the most fertile layer of soil that is on the surface for at least 15-20 cm: once the movement of the earth is finished, the removed layer can be relocated on the definitively shaped surface. When there are large and large pebbles on the ground, it is advisable to proceed with the harvesting, by hand if the surface allows it, or over large areas using specific machinery. If there are too many stones to be collected, the use of “interrasassi” equipment will be evaluated, which manage to sink almost all the stones in the ground. The next operation consists in leveling the ground and leveling, that is the uniformity of the surface so that it is as regular as possible and is ready to receive the sowing. Once the ground has been prepared, setting up the seedbed should not be difficult. Careful though, this small layer plays a very important role: the germination of the seed, the growth and the duration of the turf depend on the care given in the supply of good quality materials and in the preparation of the seed bed. The preparation of the seed bed involves working the soil to a depth of about 30-40 cm: this plowing should be carried out so as to leave the soil exposed to the action of atmospheric agents for the whole winter or the whole summer. In small gardens, on the other hand, it is limited to a light plowing and, more often than not, to millings that affect only the first 15-20 cm of the soil. Plowing should be carried out with a series of superficial crisscrossing at right angles to break up the soil as much as possible before sowing and allow a better distribution of soil improvers, corrective and fertilizers. Moreover, these processes, if carried out at regular intervals, will allow the elimination of many weeds. The soil improver is a substance that, brought into the right quantities on the soil, positively modifies the chemical-physical characteristics. Sand, for example, spread over the ground, improves the preservation of natural freshness, promotes the birth of seeds and prevents the formation of the crust, which would make the growth of our young meadow more difficult. Peat, on the other hand, being made of plant material, has a water retention capacity that is very useful for turf growth. The last operation before sowing is the burial of those fertilizers that have not been distributed during the previous processing: this work can be done by hand with rakes or disc or harrow depending on the surface to be treated. To this end, mature manure, compost from plant residues, peat soils and agricultural-type chemical fertilizers can be used. Finally, before sowing, it is good to select the right essences based on the climatic factor of the area and the type of use to which the turf will be destined.


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